The Luxembourgish National Railway Company (CFL) was founded in execution of the Belgian-French-Luxembourgish convention of 17th April 1946 relative to the operation of the railway network in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. This convention was modified by the additional protocol of 28th January 1997. CFL's new articles of association were approved in the 28th March 1997 Act.
The company was founded for an unlimited period of time with its headquarters in Luxembourg.
The aim of the company is:
- to ensure, directly or through participation, all passenger and goods transport operations, especially those by rail, on the territory of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as well as abroad;
- to commercialise all public transport services, especially those by rail, in accordance with agreements signed or to be signed with the competent authorities;
- to manage the Luxembourgish railway network in accordance with the Act of 10th May 1995 relative to railway infrastructure management and the Act of 11th June 1999 relative to access to railway infrastructure and its uses.
In principle, the activities of the group are directed at passenger traffic, freight and management of railway infrastructure.
The Luxembourgish National Railway Company's consolidated accounts were drawn up for the first time on 31st December 1997. The consolidated accounts were prepared in accordance with the texts contained in the Acts of 4th May 1984 and 11th July 1988 which introduced the Fourth and Seventh Directives of the European Economic Community (EEC) in Luxembourg.
In the course of the last 20 years, the member states of the European Union have put national legislative provisions resulting from the directives concerning the organisation of the railways in the European Union into practice. The directives essentially aim to favour interoperability so as to facilitate better integration of different ways of transport.
The European Directives in this matter are those concerning the development of the Community's railways (1991), licensing of railway undertakings (1999) and allocation of railway infrastructure capacity and railway infrastructure classification (2001). The first railway series from 2001 was followed by a second one in 2004 and a third in 2007.